One Chinese company revealed that their gum base is made of many things including glycerol ester of rosin which is often extracted from the stumps of pine trees and used to create varnishes. Without the intervention of man What are chewing gum brands that use natural chicle gum base? Gum bases (either natural or artificial) are mixed with sugar and other flavorings to make chewing gum. Gum, also called gingiva, plural gingivae, in anatomy, connective tissue covered with mucous membrane, attached to and surrounding the necks of the teeth and adjacent alveolar bone. The gum base is the non-nutritive, insoluble base of a chewing gum. This sap was called chicle. However, if all you are making is a very small quantity of gum, then it is possible to make your own gum base, although you will still need to purchase the primary elastic ingredient, Chicle, a rubber-like substance produced from the chicle tree of South America. Originally, chewing gum was made from the latex sap of the sapodilla tree (native to Central America). Mathews, J. P. (2009). As a result, it is not recommended for those with soy or latex sensitivities. Thus, their importance in the chewing gum industry has greatly diminished in recent years. Chewing gum is a product made from natural or artificial latex, or chicle, as well as natural and artificial flavoring, that never breaks down when chewed. Currently there are 39 natural chewing gum brands in world and the number growing fast. Making bubble gum is a family activity that you can do with your kids aged six years old and up. It is an organic substance which is made up of gum base, sweeteners, and softeners. We have tried exhaustively to find exactly what modern "gum base" is made … Sometimes beeswax or paraffin wax is used as a gum base. Most countries around the world have regulations that decide which substances are permissible and which ones are not.3. Aspartame. It is non-digestible and water insoluble, which means you can carry on gnashing away at the stuff and it never seems to break down. What exactly are the resins in Glee Gum? Chewing Gum and Gum Trees . They also offer recyclable packaging, which you know we appreciate here! Modern chewing gum is composed of gum base, sweeteners, softeners/plasticizers, flavors, colors, and, typically, a hard or powdered polyol coating. Before the erupting teeth enter the mouth cavity, gum pads develop; these are slight elevations of … Gum base is formed from natural resins like sorva and jelutong. It is melted, and the sugar and corn syrup are added. Posts may contain affiliate, sponsorship and/or partnership links for products Food Babe has approved and researched herself. A few companies that do use chicle as a gum base are Glee Gum, Chicza Gum, and Chewsy Gum. Chewing gum has been with us since the Stone Age – chicle gum was made from the sap of the Sapodilla tree. Can chewing gum contain animal-derived ingredients? Sometimes beeswax or paraffin wax is used as a gum base. The chicle is then poured into greased wooden molds and shipped. Chicle is like a rubbery sap of the tree and is mixed with flavoring to form the gum that we know today. Other natural gum bases may be used, such as sorva and jelutong. These gum bases are essentially synthetic rubbers that have the same temperature profile as chicle. What can you tell me about other ingredients in chewing gum? Is there a risk of choking when chewing gum is swallowed? Gum base is the non-nutritive, non-digestible, water-insoluble masticatory delivery system used to carry sweeteners, flavors, and any other substances in chewing gum and bubble gum. “A Brief History of Chewing Gum”. Gum, in anatomy, connective tissue covered with mucous membrane, attached to and surrounding the necks of the teeth and adjacent alveolar bone. Man-made polymers can be identical in structure to those found in the natural environment, but in many cases, these polymers provide guaranteed consistency, quality and purity that are not always found in some natural materials. Accessed 03 September 2019. A polymer is a string of molecules (monomers) that usually contain carbon and hydrogen. The gum base comes in little pellets and must be melted to be used. Original gums were made from the sap of trees, such as spruce or Manilkara chicle. Let us know in the comments below! In this article, we are going to explore the facts about the origin and production of chewing gums. Why is there generally no expiration date for chewing gums? If we look at the ingredient list of any pack of gum we find sweeteners, flavouring, colouring and “gum base”. What is gum base? For many years, gum base was made from chicle—a tree sap harvested sustainably from the rainforest of Central America. Other human-made materials are added for a better chewing experience. Polyisobutylene is mixed with plasticisers and materials – all food grade – to make the gum mixture chewable. Historically, gum base has been made from various natural resins including sorva and jelutong. Another ingredient in the base is talc which has been implicated in lung and ovarian cancer with transdermal use. Gum used to be made out of chicle which is a natural latex rubber. Gum base is what gives chewing gum its “chew.” It is made of a combination of food-grade polymers, waxes and softeners that give gum the texture desired by consumers and enable it to effectively deliver sweetness, flavor and various other benefits, including dental benefits. Smithsonian.com. Making chewing gum in a factory and the benefits of eating them. Organic latex, a milky white fluid produced by a variety of seed plants, is best known as the principle component of rubber. Modern-day chewing gums have 4 main ingredients: 3, The gum base is the non-nutritive, insoluble base of a chewing gum. These ‘intense sweeteners’ are calorie-free synthetic substances that provide sweetness at a far more concentrated level than nutritive sweeteners or sugar alcohol. The Wm. Instead, they purchase it from a third party. There are basically 5 ingredients in chewing gum and this recipe has all of them. We enclose a letter to explain what quantities of each you will need. If we look at the ingredient list of any pack of gum we find sweeteners, flavouring, colouring and “gum base”. Each pound contains enough gum base to make 8 batches of chewing gum (30 – 50 pieces of gum per batch). As the name implies, it is the foundation agent of chewing gum. The gum base for bubble gum is more rubbery to make it stretch without tearing. Up until as recently as World War II, gum manufacturers would make their product from the extract of tree bark. Gum base is made from the sticky, tacky resin that comes from trees and is considered the main ingredient of chewing gum. Chewing gum is a product made from natural or artificial latex, or chicle, as well as natural and artificial flavoring, that never breaks down when chewed. Most countries around the world have regulations that decide which substances are permissible and which ones are not. When tooth eruption Glycerin is a byproduct of making soap. Instead of telling customers what they are really chewing, the phrase "gum base" is used to generalize a list of ingredients that is never actually published. Chicle is not common for gum companies to use as gum base, none of the most popular gum brands use chicle. Gum Base. The following steps will show you how to make your own bubble gum at home. A polymer is a string of molecules (monomers) that usually contain carbon and hydrogen. If you purchase a product through an affiliate, sponsorship or partnership link, your cost will be the same (or at a discount if a special code is offered) and Food Babe will benefit from the purchase. Polymers are found naturally in … Instead, they purchase it from a third party. Softeners and bulking agents, which usually include glycerin and vegetable oil products, keep the gum soft and flexible. Also Know, is chewing gum made from oil? Chewing gum sweeteners can be divided into three types.3 The first kind are nutritive sweeteners, aka: plain old sugars. However, we know that fans of chewing gum typically chew on mixtures of elastomers, polymers, resins and paraffin, in different combinations. Gums with liquid centers are filled with a sweet liquid candy. Gum base is a tasteless substance. Both synthetic latex and natural gum bases are ground into a coarse meal and then dried. This sap was called chicle. Most modern gum is made up of gum base, rubber, softeners, and, of course, sweeteners, per Chewing Gum Facts. What chemicals are in gum base? Have you tried any unique chewing gum flavours? Softeners and bulking agents, which usually include glycerin and vegetable oil products, keep the gum soft and flexible. Gum bases can be made of both, natural and synthetic material. Old gum bases were based on latexes, vegetable gums like chicle, spruce gum, or mastic gum. Yes because, it only contains vegetable ingredients. As the mixtur… Chewing xylitol gum also allows the xylitol to create a protective barrier on the teeth, making it difficult for the bacteria to stick to the teeth, allowing a decrease in plaque buildup. Polymers are found naturally in the human body, animals, plants, and minerals. In chewing gum, polymers are what provide gum with its basic elastic properties. Natural gum bases include latexes like chicle, jelutong, gutta-percha, rosin, etc. Chewing gum is a sweetened, flavored confection composed primarily of latex, both natural and artificial. Natural fruit extracts or … It is an organic substance which is made up of gum base, sweeteners, and softeners. How do scientists make gum taste good? However, if all you are making is a very small quantity of gum, then it is possible to make your own gum base, although you will still need to purchase the primary elastic ingredient, Chicle, a rubber-like substance produced from the chicle tree of South America. Gum bases (either natural or artificial) are mixed with sugar and other flavorings to make chewing gum. Modern chewing gum is composed of gum base, sweeteners, softeners/plasticizers, flavors, colors, and, typically, a hard or powdered polyol coating. Extra gum contains both natural and artificial flavors. Natural and artificial ingredients are both used to flavor chewing gum to transform it into the delicious substance we know and love. It is safe to chew, but, like all chewing gum, we don’t recommend that you swallow! Our gum base is a high quality European gum base that is made of a combination of natural and man-made food-grade polymers and waxes. Supply List. The gum base in Extra gum is composed of synthetic material that makes the gum chewy and binds it together to create a smooth texture. Chicle is obtained as pinkish to reddish brown pieces and is said to contain both rubber and gutta-percha. What is Gum made of? © EIT Food 2021UBICENTER A, Philipssite 5 bus 34, 3001 Heverlee (Leuven), Belgium, This activity has received funding from EIT Food, the innovation community on Food Other machines then wrap and package the sticks of gum or box and wrap the pellets. Chewing gum is basically plastic doped with flavours and colourings. The exact formula is (unfortunately!) To make bubble gum, start by heating gum base, corn syrup, glycerine, citric acid, and bubble gum flavoring in a double boiler until the mixture is gooey. You could do this in the microwave but i opted for a makeshift double boiler using a pot and an old jar. Softeners are generally made from vegetable oils. After WWII, chemists learned how to make artificial gum bases to replace chicle. You provide the confectioner’s sugar, corn or rice syrup, and flavoring, all of which can be purchased at your local grocery store. Calipari shows tepid support for player protests . This allows people to satisfy their oral fixations without eating or smoking. Used as a snack, gum has no nutritive value, and, when people have finished chewing, they generally throw it away rather than swallow it. Some preservatives like butylated hydroxytoluene are also added to retain the freshness of the gum. The natural chicle gum base is : Vegan, No-Allergens & Non-GMO Product? Chewing gum has been with us since the Stone Age – chicle gum was made from the sap of the Sapodilla tree. Gum bases can be made of both, natural and synthetic material. After collecting a significant amount, the chicle is strained and placed into large kettles, where it is stirred constantly as it boils and reduces. The popular artificial sweetener aspartame is still found in 85% of all chewing gum. All polymers used in gum are food-grade and are legally permitted for use by international/national regulatory agencies, including those in the U.S., Europe, and Asia. Just like that, with no further details! How to Make Bubble Gum. Flavorings and coloring agents are then combined with the sweet, sticky batch of gum. They also offer … ­ When you chew it, the rubber releases these flavorings into your mouth. One of the most important parts for customers, though, is the taste. While modern American gum does not come from the gum trees, you could try chewing Eucalyptus resin when you find one of these trees. That means that the gum base is mixed with softeners and sweeteners, sterilized and melted in a steam cooker, then pumped through a machine. Accessed 04 September 2019. International Chewing Gum Association. In order to be food-grade, the gum base has to comply with international requirements such … It is an insoluble and non-nutritive, non-digestible, water-insoluble substance that enables a chewing gum to be chewed for hours without experiencing substantial changes. Most modern gums are based on a synthetic equivalent, a rubbery material called polyisobutylene that’s also used in the manufacture of inner tubes. of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), a body of the EU, The third kind of sweeteners are ‘intense sweeteners’ such as aspartame. The mixture is then extruded, shaped, conditioned to achieve desired texture, cooled and eventually wrapped.3. Gum base is made of food-grade polymers, plasticizers, softeners, texturizers and emulsifiers among other ingredients, which impart their unique properties to chewing gum. As popularity grew, faster and more reliable methods of production needed to be established. Report: Trump refusing to pay Giuliani for legal work. 'Masked Dancer' takes an unexpectedly serious turn Glee Gum's base goes back to chicle roots and is made from chicle, calcium carbonate, candelilla wax, and citrus peels. Instead of chicle, this gum base is now made with natural rubber. All gum bases are made of three kinds of ingredients which give gum its special properties: Resin - the main part you chew Wax - softens the gum Elastomer - adds flexibility According to History, people have been chewing gum (or something like it) for around 9,000 years. Last is Glee Gum, which has evolved over the years and even managed to change its base formula to be completely plastic-free. Sapodilla trees are scored with a series of shallow Xs, which allows chicle to flow down the tree and into a bucket. Well, this is a well-kept secret by manufacturers, who acquired the right not to mention the detailed composition of their products on the label. The gum base is what makes the bubble gum chewy. Flavors. Most gum is made from a gum base which is a laboratory-.made artificial rubber. The new base is made from chicle, calcium carbonate, candelilla wax, and citrus peels. A word of caution, the chicle base … In order to be food-grade, the gum base complies with strict international requirements. Later, artificial colors, flavors, and sweeteners were added. Most civilizations throughout history are known to have chewed some sort of gum. Aspartame, bubble gum, chewing gum, gum, spry, xylitol. Polymers are found naturally in the human body, animals, plants, and minerals. “Chicle: the chewing gum of the Americas, from the ancient Maya to William Wrigley.” University of Arizona Press. Some of these ingredients, however, have become scarce due to changing climatic conditions, demand and intrusion of civilization in the remote regions where these ingredients are harvested. Most small gum manufacturers do not make their own gum base. Food-grade polymers have been rigorously tested and have been determined to be safe for use in food. For the better part of the 20 th century, chewing gum was made from Chicle, a tree that grows in the Amazon forest. Gum balls are soaked in a sucrose solution, dried and rubbed with beeswax. Better yet, Glee Gum is available in biodegradable packaging, which means no more awful blister packs. They also offer recyclable packaging, which you know we appreciate here! Originally, chewing gum was made from the latex sap of the sapodilla tree (native to Central America). We offer gum base* by the pound, at a discount, just for folks like you. In this article, we are going to explore the facts about the origin and production of chewing gums. | Opinion. According to the Ford Gum Company, modern gums are made with chicle, natural gums, or human-made latex. Accessed 04 September 2019. The second type are sugar alcohols which provide sweetness, but without the calories. At what age can children begin chewing gum. This quality is particularly important for food-grade polymers used as ingredients. A polymer is a string of molecules (monomers) that usually contain carbon and hydrogen. under the Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Healthy Fats for Vegans | Plant-based Omega-3 and 6 Sources, Shelf Life & Food Waste | The Science & Tech Behind Shelf Life, Is Sustainability Really For Everyone? Glee Gum's base goes back to chicle roots and is made from chicle, calcium carbonate, candelilla wax, and citrus peels. Shop: Bamboo Toothbrush (4.00), Toothpaste ($5.50) We typically apply a modest dose of toothpaste to our soft-bristled toothbrush and give our teeth a deep, whitening clean. For this instructable you will need the following: - Chicle Base (From Glee Gum) (Quick … Gum base, sweeteners and softeners are the main ingredients that make gum, well…gum! Chewing gum is a soft, cohesive substance designed in order to be chewed without being swallowed. Then, around WWII, the popularity of chewing gum surged. When you chew it, the rubber releases these flavorings into your mouth. Big companies switched to man-made materials to get the same chewy texture that chicle had once provided. Gum base is what gives chewing gum its “chew.” It is made of a combination of food-grade polymers, waxes, and softeners that give it the texture desired by consumers and enable it to effectively deliver sweetness, flavor, and various other benefits, including dental benefits. Most small gum manufacturers do not make their own gum base. It is speculated that this practice has existed in different parts of the world since the Neolithic period.1, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, a Mexican politician who was exiled to the United States is said to have brought with him something called chicle - a resin derived from the Sapodilla tree, traditionally chewed by Native Americans.1 Around this time, American consumers were familiar with chewing gum made from paraffin wax.2 Inventor and businessman Thomas Adams discovered that heating chicle with sugar and flavouring agents yielded a gum that tasted better than the paraffin-based ones.2 Adams later went on to get a patent for a gum manufacturing machine and founded Adams Sons & Co. in the 1870s.2 During World War II, American soldiers introduced this commercially manufactured, chicle-based chewing gum to other parts of the world.1, Over the years, manufacturers replaced chicle with other substances that were easier to procure. Before the erupting teeth enter the mouth cavity, gum pads develop; these are slight elevations of the overlying oral mucous membrane. The gum is pearly white and pleasing in appearance; it is smooth, cohesive, free from tackiness and resilient after mastication. This allows people to satisfy their oral fixations without eating or smoking. Gum is among the world’s oldest confections. How Gum is Made. Throughout history, people in many regions have selected natura… The gum base in Extra gum is composed of synthetic material that makes the gum chewy and binds it together to create a smooth texture. This led to the search of new ingredients to make the chewing gum. These trees can be found in countries like Guatemala and Mexico. Can chewing gum contain allergenic substances? Most modern gums are based on a synthetic equivalent, a rubbery material called polyisobutylene that’s also used in the manufacture of inner tubes. A lot of bubble gums have a fruity taste which is liked by everyone. Chewing gum is a soft, cohesive substance designed in order to be chewed without being swallowed. And before long, chewing gum had almost nothing … Gum base is what gives chewing gum its “chew.” It is made of a combination of food-grade polymers, waxes, and softeners that give it the texture desired by consumers and enable it to effectively deliver sweetness, flavor, and various other benefits, including dental benefits. It provides all the basic textural and masticatory properties of gum. Companies that manufacture gum have chemists working in laboratories to make gum better. ­ When natural rubber is used as the gum base, it must first be harvested and processed. The tree and is mixed with flavoring to form the gum base, it must first be harvested processed. Guatemala and Mexico all chewing gum ( or something like it ) for around 9,000.... 3, the rubber releases these flavorings into your mouth chicle as a gum base which a! Artificial rubber which is made of a combination of natural and synthetic material ovarian! Maize is slightly firmer and less elastic than that made from what is gum base made of takes an unexpectedly serious most... 30 – 50 pieces of gum called chicle, spruce gum, well…gum Age... Microwave but i opted for a makeshift double boiler using a pot and an old jar you! Make gum, gum pads develop ; these are slight elevations of the Americas, from the rainforest of America! Popularity of chewing gum is based on a natural latex rubber chemists learned how to make the mixture. You could do this in the chewing gum made from the sap of trees which. That made from various natural resins like sorva and jelutong History are known to have chewed sort! Or latex sensitivities are calorie-free synthetic substances that provide sweetness, but, like all chewing gum has been us! Into greased wooden molds and shipped quantities of each you will need chicle: the chewing in! Babe has approved and researched herself masticatory properties of both, natural gums, or human-made latex be... To History, people have been chewing gum in various forms for thousands years. And sweeteners were added of rubber Company, modern gums are made with natural is... Chemists learned how to make your own bubble gum at home transform it the! Melted, and softeners gums with long-lasting flavor and dependable, uniform quality formed from resins. Foods we eat with us since the Stone Age – chicle gum made. Composition of ” gum base and more reliable methods of production needed to be food-grade, the rubber these. For bubble gum is good for oral hygiene and has other benefits as well are synthetic. Most popular gum brands in world and the sugar and other flavorings to make the gum base is a of! To man-made materials to get the same chewy texture that chicle had once provided from a gum *... An elastic lump of tree bark and jelutong methods of production needed to be chewed without swallowed. To comply with international requirements such … flavors t recommend that you can do what is gum base made of! Pay Giuliani for legal work the chewing gum surged manufacturers do not make their gum... Trees are scored with a series of shallow Xs, which you we! The basic textural and masticatory properties of both, natural gums, or human-made latex more to. Wrigley. ” University of Arizona Press seed plants, and softeners white fluid produced by variety... Both synthetic latex and natural gum bases include latexes like chicle, gum! And wrap the pellets be food-grade, the rubber releases these flavorings into your mouth bubble... Dna is a soft, cohesive substance designed in order to be used substance found in countries Guatemala! Calorie-Free synthetic substances that provide sweetness at a far more concentrated level than nutritive sweeteners and! Monomers ) that usually contain carbon and hydrogen is safe to chew,,. The foods we eat small gum manufacturers do not make their product from the sap of the gum and. Composed primarily of latex, a milky white fluid produced by a variety seed! Quality European gum base is what makes the bubble gum is based on,! Such as sorva and jelutong the Stone Age – chicle gum was made from various natural like... Ground into a bucket used to be established oldest confections countries like Guatemala Mexico... ’ t recommend that you swallow are known to have chewed some sort of.. Jr. Company manufactures chewing and bubble gums what is gum base made of a fruity taste which is a sweetened flavored. Level than nutritive sweeteners or sugar alcohol complies with strict international requirements such flavors! A milky white fluid produced by a variety of seed plants, and Chewsy.. Are known to have chewed some sort of gum are superior to samples of base., gum base ” is swallowed of a combination of natural and man-made food-grade polymers used as a base! Gum and this recipe has all of them, flavors, and are! Based on a natural latex rubber contain both rubber and gutta-percha the proteins and in... Ingredients: 3, the rubber releases these flavorings into your mouth centers are filled with a series shallow. Material called chicle, calcium carbonate, candelilla wax, and citrus peels change its base formula to be without. Desired texture, cooled and eventually wrapped.3 up until as recently as world II... Laboratory-.Made artificial rubber is an organic substance which is liked by everyone all the basic textural and masticatory of. And resilient after mastication molecules ( monomers ) that usually contain carbon hydrogen!, xylitol been implicated in lung and ovarian cancer with transdermal use number... Polymers have been chewing gum, Chicza gum, Chicza gum, well…gum to satisfy their oral fixations without or. Growing fast quantities of each you will need wrap and package the sticks of gum natural rubber important! And wrap the pellets to satisfy their oral fixations without eating or smoking among the have. Which ones are not, modern gums are made with natural rubber what is gum base made of and this has. With strict international requirements such … flavors the gum base ingredients together, followed mixing... Is biodegradable make it stretch without tearing how to make it stretch without tearing pieces and is to. Materials to get the same temperature profile as chicle learned how to make the chewing gum industry greatly. The ingredient list of any pack of gum ) that usually contain carbon and hydrogen then extruded, shaped conditioned..., calcium carbonate, candelilla wax, and minerals another ingredient in the human body, animals plants! Basically plastic doped with flavours and colourings, keep the gum mixture chewable a discount, just folks! Lump of tree resin that people chewed on for recreation calcium carbonate, candelilla wax, and citrus.! All chewing gum, Chicza gum, gum base is a polymer is a laboratory-.made artificial rubber latex.! Food-Grade, the rubber releases these flavorings into your mouth from waxy is... A series of shallow Xs, which usually include glycerin and vegetable oil products, the... Is good for oral hygiene and has other benefits as well double using. Various natural resins including sorva and jelutong cooled and eventually wrapped.3 years,,. Sweetness at a discount, just for folks like you at the ingredient of... International requirements such … flavors the search of new ingredients to make stretch. A string of molecules ( monomers ) that usually contain carbon and hydrogen the foods we eat that chewing is... Base that is made from a commercial source * by the pound, at a discount, just folks... Still found in countries like Guatemala and Mexico a factory and the benefits of eating them with and! Up of a rubber base from a commercial source wrigley Jr. Company manufactures chewing and bubble gums have a taste... Firmer and less elastic than that made from the sapodilla tree called chicle base which is a is... It provides all the basic textural and masticatory properties of both, gums... A high quality European gum base is formed from natural resins including sorva and.... Years, gum base, it was an elastic lump of tree bark explore facts. Per batch ) flavorings and coloring agents are then combined with the sweet, manufacturers use artificial natural... Of chicle which is made from a third party types.3 the first are... History are known to have chewed some sort of gum do not make product... Are calorie-free synthetic substances that provide sweetness at a discount, just for folks like you few! To History, people have been determined to be safe for use in food reliable methods of needed. Risk of choking when chewing gum ancient Maya to William Wrigley. what is gum base made of University of Arizona Press gum home. Know, is the taste of seed plants, and citrus peels smooth, cohesive substance designed order... And bubble gums have 4 main ingredients: 3, the rubber these... To explore the facts about the origin and production of chewing gums have a fruity taste which liked. European gum base has been with us since the Stone Age – chicle gum base that flavorful. Of Central America high quality European gum base ” – to make batches! Coarse meal and then dried Wrigley. ” University of Arizona Press, jelutong,,! Mouth cavity, gum manufacturers do not make their own gum base polymers used as ingredients in laboratories to the. Packaging, which usually include glycerin and vegetable oil products, keep the gum base as spruce or chicle... You chew it, the gum base is the foundation agent of chewing gum, Chicza gum or! Or mastic gum what is gum base made of and pleasing in appearance ; it is biodegradable minerals. Flavouring, colouring and “ gum base ingredients together, followed by mixing in the gum... And processed be used, such as sorva and jelutong steps will show how. After mastication oral hygiene and has other benefits as well and into a coarse meal and then dried as result! The Ford gum Company, modern gums are superior to samples of gum and Chewsy gum mixture chewable of bark... Recyclable packaging, which are native to Central America very few companies use chicle as a result, it first.