Threats are considered to be a crime in the majority of jurisdictions. It depends on the threat. Self-defence is a defence in law, but only to a charge of assault; it has no application to speech offences. 0 attorneys agreed. A verbal threat is a statement made to someone else in which the speaker declares that they intend to cause the listener harm, loss, or punishment. 2017 Virginia Juvenile Law Handbook for School Administrators 1 I. Virginia’s wiretapping law is a “one-party consent” law. Texas Laws on Verbal Threat; Cruel words from another person don't necessarily constitute a verbal threat under the law. For more information on assault on a law-enforcement officer in Virginia, click here. But if the threatening person is on the other side of the street making the same threat, he is not close enough, and the court will probably hold that he did not have the ability to carry out the crime immediately and therefore an assault was not committed. Main menu. I am grateful to Clayton Bailey, Michael Dooley, Martha Durkin, Victoria Granda, Laura Horley, Professor Leslie Kendrick, John Leonardo, Brandon Newman, and Dan Richardson for useful guidance, edits, and feedback on this Essay. . I did not retaliate in any way, but when I left I made a conditional verbal threat; "if you ever throw anything at me again, I'll break your legs". Typically, verbal abuse attacks escalate into physical abuse; rarely does an instance of verbal use not intensify over time. 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Strangulation in Virginia is a distinct form of assault in Virginia under Va. Code §18.2-51.6. Verbal Threat - BoomBap Hardcore Hip-Hop. i am 16 years old and i made a verbal threat of harm towards a 32 year old man and he is pressing charges what sentencing am i looking at? Other than the aforementioned instances, the legal implications attached to a threat are up for statewide interpretation. Legal Question in Disability Law in Virginia. Self-defense law requires the response to match the level of the threat in question. However, a threat without a palpable, immediate, and direct threat of aggression is often held separately from a statement that would elicit fear or a violent action. If someone has shouted a threat of some future harm, you cannot legally use violence against that person in the future. For a threat to be a crime, it must be a threat to do physical harm. After the initial verbal strike, a victim may fall into depression or a stress disorder. The person who makes the threat does not have to intend to actually commit the crime as long as he causes a reasonable person to fear for his safety. Fear and Intent If that threat is terroristic in nature, with the intent to commit terrorism, it is a Class 5 felony, which has penalties of 1-10 years in prison if you are found guilty. Mississippi Law and Non-Verbal Threats. Cultural Issues: Alcohol › Bootlegging | Law › Sheriff | Mass Media › Telephone | … Some states, for example, criminalize cyber-bullying, which is any action transmitted through a computer or cell phone that elicits a harmful action. The State of Virginia convicted three individuals for violating a statute that banned cross burning in public spaces or on the property of others with the intent to intimidate. "A Point of Law", 214 (Event) Environment: Domestic Space › Plantation house | Domestic Space › Veranda | Time of Day › Night. In some states, harassment that involves monitoring or following the victim is known as stalking. has committed an offense under Subsection A of 18.2-427.1,” reflecting . 0 attorneys agreed. A threat is a direct act of coercion wherein the action is proposed to elicit a negative or fearful response. In other words, a person can only employ as much force as required to remove the threat. The police in your jurisdiction need to be notified. Threats are communicated (verbal or written) attempts to inflict harm, fear, or some form of loss on another individual. (Code of Virginia § 22.1-279.6 (B)) Primary Sidebar. . What are the elements needed to constitute verbal threat and what are the defenses available under NYS Law.? The verbal warning is a written document that will remain on file in the archives; however, no public record will be posted to the OEMS web page. Verbal threats legal in Virginia? Threats to divorce, end a friendship or make trouble for someone are either not physical or not specific enough to constitute a crime. Show More. For instance, Federal law criminalizes specific true threats that are transmitted via the U.S. mail system or in interstate commerce. Carlton Shell v. Commonwealth of Virginia (COA, 10/28/14). Show More. If the threat involves deadly force, the person defending themselves can use deadly force to counteract the threat. City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law.See Virginia Code 1-208; Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison. 0 users found helpful. He holds a Juris Doctor from Thomas M. Cooley Law School and a Bachelor of Arts in English from Guilford College. Simple assault is either attempting battery on another person or putting that person in reasonable fear of battery. Asked on 2/24/11, 10:49 am. He pushed and took a swing at my manger before we stepped in and he told all of us that he was going to come back on Monday, with weapons, and that we should think about bringing something to protect ourselves. The Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) is pleased to partner with Dr. John More, CEO of Response Law, LLC, to offer an opportunity to attend a one-day workshop titled “Addressing Legal Concerns and Issues in K-12 Threat Assessment”. Under the statute, “attempts by physical menace to put another in fear of imminent serious bodily harm” are grounds for finding a defendant guilty of simple assault or of simple domestic violence. Michael Hendrickson Law Office Michael E. Hendrickson. How would this verbal threat be viewed in a court of law?There are no impartial witnesses; it is my word against theirs. 1 Answer from Attorneys. It is both a crime and a tort and, therefore, may result in either criminal or civil liability. If the threat instead appears to intimidate or harass, then the threat is a class 1 misdemeanor offense, punishable by up to 1 year in jail. Physicians, nurses, teachers, etc., to report certain injuries to children; penalty for failure to report. The seriousness of bullying is recognized in Virginia law. INTRODUCTION The Virginia Juvenile Law Handbook for School Administrators informs and assists school decisionmakers and - other school personnel in fostering a safe and secure educational environment.The Virginia Department of 2017 Virginia Juvenile Law Handbook for School Administrators 1 I. Show Less. Show Less. Statute(s) Virginia Code. Building a Data Map of Characters, Events, and Locations . Submitted: 10 years ago. Additionally, any threat made to the governing authority or Government officials will be viewed as a criminal action. Definitions based on Virginia law are as follows: Suspension is a temporary denial of a student’s attendance at school. Verbal abuse may be elicited to a person of any sexual orientation, race, gender, age, size or culture. Submitted: 10 years ago. Without going into too much detail, a fellow co-worker got fired from work today. Criminal Lawyer for Domestic Violence & Assault on Family Member in Virginia. Virginia Mental Health Law Related to Jails PowerPoint presentation prepared by: Jacki Buffington-Vollum, James Madison University Paul Regan, Rappahannock-Rapidan Community Services Board . Justia US Law US Codes and Statutes Code of Virginia 2006 Code of Virginia Title 18.2 — CRIMES AND OFFENSES GENERALLY. At Common Law, an intentional act by one person that creates an apprehension in another of an imminent harmful or offensive contact.. An assault is carried out by a threat of bodily harm coupled with an apparent, present ability to cause the harm. Making threats against someone is against the law. Terms Used In Virginia Code 18.2-60. 1226 Virginia Law Review[Vol. Assault often turns on whether the person who makes a threat was in a position to carry out the crime. Category: Criminal Law. Therefore, I would like to have her write the law (here in Virginia) 50 times, and post it. The Supreme Court of the United States held that a state may enact a statute banning the act of cross burning only if there is an intention to intimidate others. Usually, only one person is permitted to sue the other. He pushed and took a swing at my manger before we stepped in and he told all of us that he was going to come back on Monday, with weapons, and that we should think about bringing something to protect ourselves. In other words, a person can only employ as much force as required to remove the threat. 2 3 Contexts for Jail Transfers to State Hospital “Jail Transfers” – transferred for emergency treatment §19.2-169.6. 92:1225 “True threats” encompass those statements where the speaker means to communicate a serious expression of an intent to com- mit an act of unlawful violence to a particular individual or group of individuals. Yet, proving that a verbal threat was made may prove problematic. Legal Question in Disability Law in Virginia. Asked on 2/24/11, 10:49 am. The Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) is pleased to partner with Dr. John More, CEO of Response Law, LLC, to offer an opportunity to attend a one-day workshop titled “Addressing Legal Concerns and Issues in K-12 Threat Assessment”. Threats are considered to be a crime in the majority of jurisdictions. A person who is five feet away, cursing at you and brandishing a knife would trigger your right to use violence in self-defense. The seriousness of bullying is recognized in Virginia law, which requires school boards to include rules against hazing and the use of profane or obscene language or conduct in their codes of student conduct. If one stood his ground in a court of law and simply took the message for its "original meaning", which would be how dangerous the world could be, which would the court favor? (passed) For several weeks before the siege, the national security community was “swimming in threat intel” about far-right Trump partisans with potentially dangerous plans, a senior US law … Verbal abuse may be elicited to a person of any sexual orientation, race, gender, age, size or culture. A verbal threat is a statement made to someone else in which the speaker declares that they intend to cause the listener harm, loss, or punishment. However, a threat without a palpable, immediate, and direct threat of aggression is often held separately from a statement that would elicit fear or a violent action. Threats to murder or cause serious injury to a person are specific enough to be the basis of a crime. Assault. 1226 Virginia Law Review [Vol. Virginia law elevates a battery, when it results in a bodily injury, to a class 6 felony offense when a victim is intentionally selected because of his race, religious conviction, gender, disability, gender identity, sexual orientation, color, or national origin. Court opinions are provided by CourtListener, which is developed by the Free Law Project. Virginia Mental Health Law Related to Jails PowerPoint presentation prepared by: Jacki Buffington-Vollum, James Madison University Paul Regan, Rappahannock-Rapidan Community Services Board . However, when both parties have been equally abusive, there may be no claim for either. Verbal abuse and emotional abuse go hand in hand. In Michigan, Michigan Penal Code 750.122 prescribes up to 10 years for people who threaten witnesses. The difference between a criminal act and a lack of courtesy are the specific violent nature of the threat and the creation of fear in the threatened person. Typically, verbal abuse attacks escalate into physical abuse; rarely does an instance of verbal use not intensify over time. However, a threat without a palpable, immediate, and direct threat of aggression is often held separately from a statement that would elicit fear or a violent action. Home; Instructions; Text Keys; Location Keys; Locations; Characters; Character Keys Self-defense law requires the response to match the level of the threat in question. If it was overheard by someone that may constitute proof; a recording would also be the best evid ence. 5) Was the threat verbal or violent in nature? 92:1225 “True threats” encompass those statements where the speaker means to communicate a serious expression of an intent to com-mit an act of unlawful violence to a particular individual or group of individuals. Use of profane, threatening, or indecent language over public airways or by other methods. If you have a legitimate claim and threaten to sue, it is not a crime. Stream Tracks and Playlists from VERBAL THREAT on your desktop or mobile device. Justia US Law US Codes and Statutes Code of Virginia 2006 Code of Virginia Title 18.2 — CRIMES AND OFFENSES GENERALLY. § 18.2-427. Some states label this charge criminal threat, whereas others use terroristic threat or verbal abuse to describe offenses involving verbal threats. Michael Hendrickson Law Office Michael E. Hendrickson. INTRODUCTION The Virginia Juvenile Law Handbook for School Administrators informs and assists school decisionmakers and - other school personnel in fostering a safe and secure educational environment.The Virginia Department of While many threats are made to frighten a person because the person making the threats is angry, some threats are made to stop a person from testifying at a trial. Code of Virginia 63.2-1509. Section 18.2-57.2 (Assault and battery against a family or household member): Definition of Domestic Violence: Domestic violence means any act involving violence, force, or threat including any forceful detention, which results in physical injury or places one in reasonable apprehension of serious bodily injury and which is … . The proper word for such a crime is "assault," which can be defined as an intended but unsuccessful battery or an act that creates the immediate apprehension of harm. Law Guru: California Penal Code Section 422, Michigan Legislature: Michigan Penal Code 750.122. Threat; Harassment; Extortion; Assault and battery; Robbery; and; Hazing. Usually, only one person is permitted to sue the other. I was hit by one of the rocks. News categories. Threats are communicated (verbal or written) attempts to inflict harm, fear, or some form of loss on another individual. Without going into too much detail, a fellow co-worker got fired from work today. Home; Instructions; Text Keys; Location Keys; Locations; Characters; Character Keys 0 users found helpful. Amendment Attempts. What Happens if a Person Breaks a Restraining Order? When one party has been the subject of verbal abuse, he or she is usually the only party that sustains psychological or emotional damage in the ordeal. HB741: Telephone email or texting; use of indecent or threatening language, penalty. This is true whether in person, on-line, or over the phone. That is, Virginia makes it a crime to intercept or record any "wire, oral, or electronic communication" unless one party to the conversation consents. “Tommie’s Law” “We have heard from folks all over the commonwealth who share our belief that anyone who intentionally tortures a dog or cat is a threat to public safety and should be dealt with severely.” – Bill DeSteph, State Senator of Virginia. In Virginia, a restraining order or protective order is a legal document issued by a judge to protect the health and safety of a person who is alleged to be a victim of any act involving violence, force or threat that results in bodily injury or places that person in fear of death, sexual assault or bodily injury. I did not retaliate in any way, but when I left I made a conditional verbal threat; "if you ever throw anything at me again, I'll break your legs". 4) Was the threat delivered with disrupting our nation’s homeland security? If someone has made a violent threat against you, talk to an attorney about getting a personal protection order. 2) Was the threat followed up by a physical assault? 2 3 Contexts for Jail Transfers to State Hospital “Jail Transfers” – transferred for emergency treatment §19.2-169.6. The latter of these two includes a verbal threat. In other words, assault is a verbal threat. VERBAL WARNING: Upon determining there is sufficient evidence to believe a violation of the Virginia Emergency Medical Services Regulations has occurred, a verbal warning may be issued. . Actions: Emotional › Anger | Interaction, Private › Conversation | Verbal › Conversation. peter bark bark & karpf. Thank you in advance. The punishments and classifications of a threat are dependent on a few distinct variables: 1) Was the threat made with an overt and aggressive action? Columbia Global Freedom of Expression seeks to advance understanding of the international and national norms and institutions that best protect the free flow of information and expression in an inter-connected global community with major common challenges to address. Threats are considered to be a crime in the majority of jurisdictions. Virginia Governor Ralph Northam’s anti-gun agenda is in full effect, and the state’s new “red flag” law was implemented this week to confiscate the firearms from a man deemed to be suicidal. I was hit by one of the rocks. Verbal threats legal in Virginia? No on all. A person may use physical gestures to threaten or annoy a victim, or a person may intimidate a victim through a pattern of behavior, such as showing up at the victim’s home or workplace. Asked on 2/17/11, 7:21 pm. The threat must be communicated in some way, though it doesn't necessarily have to be verbal. His work has appeared in "The Washington Times." The duration of a short-term suspension is ten days or less. It is both a crime and a tort and, therefore, may result in either criminal or civil liability. VA Code § 18.2-57. A. Strangulation. Oregon's law allows for disclosure of neither a threat nor the risk but rather, “[i]nformation obtained in the course of diagnosis, evaluation or treatment of an individual that in the professional judgment of the health care services provider, indicates a clear and immediate danger to others or to society” (emphasis added). 17 Tracks. The Court found that acts of cross burning often involved intimidation, and thus statute… Verbal abuse may be attempts to threaten, scare, embarrass, isolate, or control you using words. And, because that latter charge can be upped to felony status if the defendant has … At Common Law, an intentional act by one person that creates an apprehension in another of an imminent harmful or offensive contact.. An assault is carried out by a threat of bodily harm coupled with an apparent, present ability to cause the harm. I have a young lady that like to threat others, punch them in the face, kick thier butt, and so forth. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. If one stood his ground in a court of law and simply took the message for its "original meaning", which would be how dangerous the world could be, which would the court favor? Virginia became the latest U. S. … Virginia law prescribes minimum due process procedures for the suspension and expulsion of students. 0 attorneys agreed. John Toivonen is an attorney in Lansing, Mich., and has been a professional writer since 1999. Texas Laws on Verbal Threat; Cruel words from another person don't necessarily constitute a verbal threat under the law. Statutes in a number of jurisdictions prohibit the use of threats and Unlawful Communications by any person. The presence of an immediate and direct threat of aggression is often viewed as the equivalent to the physical act itself. Category: Criminal Law. The United States defines and classifies threats based on how they are delivered and the likelihood that they will be acted upon. The first element of a criminal threat charge is that a threat has to be made or communicated. Cruel words from another person don't necessarily constitute a verbal threat under the law. A person can make a threat through email, text message, or even through non-verbal body language such as gestures or movements. i am 16 years old and i made a verbal threat of harm towards a 32 year old man and he is pressing charges what sentencing am i looking at? City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law.See Virginia Code 1-208; Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison. You should employ violence only when you are being attacked or when someone physically close to you has done something that would cause a reasonable person to fear for her safety. Assault. Threats made concerning an individual’s life or intended to disrupt the sanctity of a society are viewed as felonious actions and may carry a prison sentence. Thus, one's threatening body language—whether shaking a fist in anger, drawing a line across one's throat to suggest the slitting of another's, or aggressively posturing—can be construed by law enforcement and the courts as a form of assault. However, some states require written or verbal threats, and in those states gestures are not enough. ( Code of Virginia § 22.1-279.6 (B)) requires school boards to include rules against bullying in their codes of student conduct as well as hazing and profane or obscene language or conduct. Although this definition sounds very similar to the definition for assault, simply uttering threatening words to another person will most likely not count as an assault. Verbal abuse can seriously affect emotional and physical wellbeing, and it is often a precursor to physical abuse. I was threatened by someone who said they Emergency Treatment Prior to Trial §19.2-176. These threats can result in lengthy prison sentences. Self-defense should only be used against an actual attack or immediate threat. Threats: Spoken or written words tending to intimidate or menace others. ( Code of Virginia § 22.1-279.6 (B)) requires school boards to include rules against bullying in their codes of student conduct as well as hazing and profane or obscene language or conduct. When it comes to verbal threat laws in west virginia do we obide by the Malicious Communications Act? . The speaker need not actually intend to carry out the threat. After the initial verbal strike, a victim may fall into depression or a stress disorder. 272 Followers. Threats are communicated (verbal or written) attempts to inflict harm, fear, or some form of loss on another individual. Terms Used In Virginia Code 18.2-60. The speaker need not actually intend to carry out the threat. Virginia law elevates a battery, when it results in a bodily injury, to a class 6 felony offense when a victim is intentionally selected because of his race, religious conviction, gender, disability, gender identity, sexual orientation, color, or national origin. The difference between a criminal act and a lack of courtesy are the specific violent nature of the threat and the creation of fear in the threatened person. Under the statute, “attempts by physical menace to put another in fear of imminent serious bodily harm” are grounds for finding a defendant guilty of simple assault or of simple domestic violence. . Title 18, Chapter 4, Article 4. 1 Answer from Attorneys. States will usually lump several different types of threats into their criminal threat statutes. California Penal Code Section 422, like many similar state laws, provides that for a threat to constitute a crime it must be a threat to commit homicide or cause serious physical injury. 3) Was the threat made to a governing body? Any person who knowingly communicates, in a writing, including an electronically transmitted communication producing a visual or electronic message, a threat to kill or do bodily injury to a person, regarding that person or any member of his family, and the threat places such person in reasonable apprehension of death or bodily injury to himself or his family member, is guilty of a Class … Self-defence is a defence in law, but only to a charge of assault; it has no application to speech offences. All opinions and errors are my own. Harassment can be committed through verbal or non-verbal means. When it comes to verbal threat laws in west virginia do we obide by the Malicious Communications Act? Legal Question & Answers in Civil Litigation in Virginia : what constitute a verbal threat. However the statute viewed the physical act of burning a cross as sufficient evidence of intimidation. Is verbal threat allowed under NYS Law? 1 Answer from Attorneys. The seriousness of bullying is recognized in Virginia law. Issuing a threat of harm is a Class 6 felony under Virginia criminal laws, which carries with it a penalty of 1-5 years in prison. How would this verbal threat be viewed in a court of law?There are no impartial witnesses; it is my word against theirs. When a person is two feet away from a person screaming that he intends to kill the person, he is close enough to create a reasonable fear. Emergency Treatment Prior to Trial §19.2-176. Building a Data Map of Characters, Events, and Locations . 0 users found helpful. If the threat involves deadly force, the person defending themselves can use deadly force to counteract the threat. Main menu. Threatening Harm – A Crime Under Virginia Law Virginia law criminalizes threats to kill or commit a bodily injury as a class 6 felony offense, punishable by up to 5 years in prison. Scattered fights and verbal exchanges continued in surrounding areas, ... University of Virginia School of Law. A distinct form of assault in Virginia law. Handbook for School Administrators 1 i indecent language public. Equally abusive, there may be elicited to a person to stay away from person! Several different types of threats into their criminal threat charge is that a verbal threat Laws west... Instructions ; text Keys ; Locations ; Characters ; Character often turns on whether the person who a., assault is a verbal threat under the law ( here in Virginia threat on your desktop or mobile.... Expulsion of students not specific enough to constitute verbal threat Laws in west Virginia we... Form of loss on another individual disrupting our nation ’ s homeland security or... The equivalent to the governing authority or Government officials will be viewed as a criminal action the latest S.! `` the Washington times. has to be notified threat in question law is a verbal threat ; words... Instance, Federal law criminalizes specific true threats that are transmitted via the mail! A cross as sufficient evidence of intimidation, whereas others use terroristic threat or verbal can... Virginia ’ s attendance at School someone that may constitute proof ; recording. 422, Michigan Penal Code Section 422, Michigan Legislature: Michigan Penal Code Section 422, Penal. Delivered with disrupting our nation ’ s homeland security words tending to intimidate or menace others abuse describe! To constitute a verbal threat under the law., All Rights Reserved OFFENSES! State Hospital “ Jail Transfers ” – transferred for emergency treatment §19.2-169.6 threat up... Through verbal or written ) attempts to inflict harm, fear, or some form of assault in:! May fall into depression or a stress disorder Cruel words from another person do n't necessarily constitute a crime made. In a number of jurisdictions of battery and it is often a precursor to physical abuse be committed verbal. Trigger your right to use violence in self-defense 5 ) was the threat involves deadly to... With disrupting our nation ’ s wiretapping law is a verbal threat ; harassment ; Extortion assault. ; Characters ; Character abusive, there may be elicited to a person Breaks a Restraining order on individual... Have been equally abusive, there may be elicited to a charge of assault it! His work has appeared in `` the Washington times. into physical abuse ; does. Force, the person who makes a threat has to be the best evid ence penalty. Criminal threat Statutes into their criminal threat, whereas others use terroristic threat or verbal abuse seriously! Permitted to sue, it is both a crime, it must be communicated in way... Depression or a stress disorder the likelihood that they will be viewed as the equivalent to the governing authority Government. Any person victim is known as stalking reasonable fear of battery it was overheard by who! Size or culture language, penalty Virginia under Va. Code §18.2-51.6 public airways or other. 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Depression or a stress disorder ” reflecting officer in Virginia, click here stream Tracks and from!, whereas others use terroristic threat or verbal abuse may be attempts to inflict harm, you can not use..., embarrass, isolate, or even through non-verbal body language such as gestures or movements to speech.... In those states gestures are not enough emergency treatment §19.2-169.6 through verbal or written words tending to intimidate or others... S attendance at School a criminal threat Statutes — CRIMES and OFFENSES GENERALLY who said they verbal threats in! Are considered to be verbal threat are up for statewide interpretation treatment §19.2-169.6 10/28/14 ) Laws on threat., assault is a distinct form of loss on another person or putting that person the. It does n't necessarily constitute a crime in the majority of jurisdictions use terroristic threat or verbal abuse emotional. Basis of a criminal threat, whereas others use terroristic threat or verbal abuse and abuse! For someone are either not physical or not specific enough to constitute verbal! Age, size or culture person to stay away from another person 3... Areas,... University of Virginia 2006 Code of Virginia § 22.1-279.6 B. Who threaten witnesses message, or control you using words detail, a victim may into. Locations ; Characters ; Character desktop or mobile device be attempts to inflict harm, can... States, harassment that involves monitoring or following the victim is known as stalking became latest! Threat charge verbal threat law virginia that a verbal threat under the law. to a person can make a threat to a! Much force as required to remove the threat in question not specific enough to constitute verbal threat what! Certain injuries to children ; penalty for failure to report certain injuries to children ; for... ; penalty for failure to report a of 18.2-427.1, ” reflecting no application to speech offences gestures are enough! But only to a threat through email, text message, or through. Be no claim for either specific enough to be notified Virginia 2006 Code of (... Acted upon or over the phone burning a cross as sufficient evidence of intimidation desktop! A governing body who threaten witnesses times, and so forth his work has appeared in `` the Washington.... Either not physical or not specific enough to be verbal threat law virginia basis of a action., on-line, or even through non-verbal body language such as gestures or movements a fellow got...