New American Standard Version. 2. This chapter treats of a release of debts every seventh year, to which a blessing is promised if attended to, Deuteronomy 15:1, which seventh year of release should not hinder lending to a poor man in distress, even though it was nigh at hand, Deuteronomy 15:7 and of letting servants go free, whether manservant or maidservant, at the end of six years' servitude, Deuteronomy 15:12 … (a) He shall only release his debtors, who are not able to pay for that year.15:4 b Save when there shall be no poor among … (Deuteronomy 15:1-18) 1 At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release. The term of servitude could not last beyond six years. There is an addition, requiring the masters to put some small stock into their servants' hands to set up with for themselves, when sent out of their servitude, wherein they had received no wages. Read Deuteronomy 15 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). And as faith in Christ and love to him prevail, they will triumph over the selfishness of the heart, and over the unkindness of the world, doing away the excuses that rise from unbelief, distrust, and covetousness. At the end of every seven years--during the last of the seven, that is, the sabbatical year ( Exodus 21:2, 23:11, Leviticus 25:4, Jeremiah 34:14).. 2. 1. Chapter 15. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Bible commentary on the Book of Deuteronomy, chapter 15, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. What thou doest, do freely, for God loves a cheerful giver, 2 Corinthians 9:7. All Rights Reserved. If there be among you a poor man . 1. 15:5 This is a recurrent warning about obedience to the covenant. Deuteronomy 15:18 - 'It shall not seem hard to you when you set him free, for he has given you six years with double the service of a hired man; so the Lord your God will bless you in whatever you do. Deuteronomy 15 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. CHAPTER 15. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 15. Of the Hebrew servant who has served six years, and who shall be dismissed well furnished, 12-15. 1. At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release. Salem Media Group. For ever — All the time of his life, or, at least, till the year of jubilee. 2 And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it; he shall not exact it of his neighbour, or of his brother; because it is called the LORD’S release. HEBREW SERVANTS' FREEDOM. The Seventh Year, a Year of Release for the Poor. . Of the firstlings of the flock and herd, 19, 20. thou shalt not harden thine heart--Lest the foregoing law should prevent the Israelites lending to the poor, Moses here admonishes them against so mean and selfish a spirit and exhorts them to give in a liberal spirit of charity and kindness, which will secure the divine blessing ( Romans 12:8 , 2 Corinthians 9:7 ). De 15:1-11. (19-23)1-11 This year of release typified the grace of the gospel, in which is proclaimed the acceptable year of the Lord; and by which we obtain the release of our debts, that is, the pardon of our sins. Words in boxes are from the Bible. )Concerning the release of servants. Nothing shall be offered that has any blemish, 21. Deuteronomy 15:1-11.THE SEVENTH YEAR, A YEAR OF RELEASE FOR THE POOR. In this chapter Moses gives orders, I. All the firstling males of thy herd and of thy flock thou shalt sanctify unto the Lord thy see Exodus 22:30 ). Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Deuteronomy 15 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. The year of release. www.easyenglish.bible. because it is called the Lord's release--The reason for acquitting a debtor at that particular period proceeded from obedience to the command, and a regard for the honor, of God; an acknowledgment of holding their property of Him, and gratitude for His kindness. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. of his brother--that is, an Israelite, so called in opposition to a stranger or foreigner. Here the law concerning Hebrew servants is repeated. Let us then look to the gospel meaning of this law, devoting ourselves and the first of our time and strength to God; and using all our comforts and enjoyments to his praise, and under the direction of his law, as we have them all by his gift. For the poor shall never cease out of the land--Although every Israelite on the conquest of Canaan became the owner of property, yet in the providence of God who foresaw the event, it was permitted, partly as a punishment of disobedience and partly for the exercise of benevolent and charitable feelings, that "the poor should never cease out of the land.". And this is the form of the release: Every creditor who has lent anything to his neighbor shall release it; he shall not require it of his neighbor or his brother, because it is called the LORD’s release. The Lord redeemed thee — And brought thee out with riches, which, because they would not, God gave thee as a just recompense for thy service; and therefore thou shalt follow his example, and send out thy servant furnished with all convenient provisions. It is a dreadful thing to have the cry of the poor justly against us. Many Israelites lost their family lands. Posted on Jul 20, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 2 minutes. Deuteronomy 1: Deuteronomy 13: Deuteronomy 24: Deuteronomy 2: Deuteronomy 14: Deuteronomy 25: Deuteronomy 3: Deuteronomy 15: Deuteronomy 26: Deuteronomy 4: Deuteronomy 16: Deuteronomy 27: Deuteronomy … he shall not exact it . The topic of generosity arises in Deuteronomy 15:7-8. Save when there shall be no poor man among you--Apparently a qualifying clause added to limit the application of the foregoing statement [ Deuteronomy 15:3 ]; so that "the brother" to be released pointed to a poor borrower, whereas it is implied that if he were rich, the restoration of the loan might be demanded even during that year. Matt. Commentary on Deuteronomy 15:12-18 (Read Deuteronomy 15:12-18) Here the law concerning Hebrew servants is repeated. Deuteronomy 15:1-11 . 13-15. thou shalt not let him go away empty--A seasonable and wise provision for enabling a poor unfortunate to regain his original status in society, and the motive urged for his kindness and humanity to the Hebrew slave was the remembrance that the whole nation was once a degraded and persecuted band of helots in Egypt. Deuteronomy 15. Jump to: Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Concerning the release of servants after seven years' service, Deuteronomy 15:12-18.III. David Guzik commentary on Deuteronomy 14, where God commands the Israelites to live all of their lives for the Lord, and to separate themselves from pagans. But the words may properly be rendered (as on the Margin) to the end, in order that there may be no poor among you--that is, that none be reduced to inconvenient straits and poverty by unseasonable exaction of debts at a time when there was no labor and no produce, and that all may enjoy comfort and prosperity, which will be the case through the special blessing of God on the land, provided they are obedient. Those who would keep from the act of sin, must keep out of their minds the very thought of sin. Deuteronomy 15 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, filling six volumes, provides an exhaustive look at every verse in the Bible. Login or Create an Account. (19-23). DEUTERONOMY 15 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE The Year for Canceling Debts 1 At the end of every seven years you must cancel debts. (1-11) Concerning the release of servants. on StudyLight.org Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. When the gospel is clearly preached, the acceptable year of the Lord is proclaimed; the year of release of our debts, of the deliverance of our souls, and of obtaining rest in him. Deuteronomy 15 In this chapter Moses gives orders, I. CHAPTER 15. Add to my study list. on StudyLight.org 12. if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee--The last extremity of an insolvent debtor, when his house or land was not sufficient to cancel his debt, was to be sold as a slave with his family ( Leviticus 25:39 , 2 Kings 4:1 , Nehemiah 5:1-13 , Job 24:9 , Matthew 18:25 ). Deuteronomy 15:15-17. (Verse 1-11. 7-11. The strongest factor for organizational performance may be a culture of helping. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 15:5. Study the bible online using commentary on Deuteronomy 15 and more! . Deuteronomy 9:15 - 'So I turned and came down from the mountain while the mountain was burning with fire, and the two tablets of the covenant were in my two hands. 15:1-11 This year of release typified the grace of the gospel, in which is proclaimed the acceptable year of the Lord; and by which we obtain the release of our debts, that is, the pardon of our sins. At the end of every seven years--during the last of the seven, that is, the sabbatical year ( Exodus 21:2 , 23:11 , Leviticus 25:4 , Jeremiah 34:14 ). Deuteronomy 15:4. )Respecting the firstlings of cattle. 19. 11. Deuteronomy 15 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions 3 You may require payment from a foreigner, … . Deuteronomy 15:1. BARNES, "The year of release is no doubt identical with the sabbatical year of the earlier legislation (Exo_23:10 ff, and Lev_25:2 ff), the command of the older legislation being here amplified. ADAM CLARKE Deuteronomy Commentary (1760-1832) Clarke was Methodist, Wesleyan, Arminian, (e.g., Clarke "suggested that although God can know all future events, he chooses not to know some events beforehand" Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, page 808).He did not always interpret Scripture l iterally and so was amillennial (he interpreted Revelation as a … This year of release typified the grace of the gospel, in which is proclaimed the acceptable year of the Lord; and by which we obtain the release of our debts, that is, the pardon of our sins. Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it--not by an absolute discharge of the debt, but by passing over that … And so they contain a reason of this law; namely, that none be empoverished and ruined by a rigid exaction of debts. (Verse 12-18. Thus, kindness towards their slaves, unparalleled elsewhere in those days, was inculcated by the Mosaic law; and in all their conduct towards persons in that reduced condition, leniency and gentleness were enforced by an appeal which no Israelite could resist. 15 At the end of every seven years you must cancel debts. But the Lord Jesus Christ, by becoming poor, and by shedding his blood, has made a full and free provision for the payment of our debts, the ransom of our souls, and the supply of all our wants. All rights reserved. At the end of every seven years you shall grant a release of debts. 26:11). The year of release. Grudge not a kindness to thy brother; distrust not the providence of God. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release. 3. (Verse 19-23. Deuteronomy 15 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, written by 29 eminent scholars, is one of the most-recognized standards of expository commentaries THE SEVENTH YEAR, A YEAR OF RELEASE FOR THE POOR. View Deuteronomy 15 in the note window.. 15:2 And this [is] the manner of the release: Every a creditor that lendeth [ought] unto his neighbour shall release [it]; he shall not exact [it] of his neighbour, or of his brother; because it is called the LORD'S release. The ceremony of boring the ear, when the servant wishes to continue with his master, 16- 18. Deuteronomy 15:11. 18. he hath been worth a double hired servant to thee--that is, he is entitled to double wages because his service was more advantageous to you, being both without wages and for a length of time, whereas hired servants were engaged yearly ( Leviticus 25:53 ), or at most for three years ( Isaiah 16:14 ). The ideal is rarely historical. We mistake, if we think thoughts are free from God's knowledge and check. Deuteronomy 15, Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in history, Charles Haddon Spurgeon That is a wicked heart indeed, which raises evil thoughts from the good law of God, as theirs did, who, because God had obliged them to the charity of forgiving, denied the charity of giving. 15 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the Lord thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day. Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again--Admission to all the religious privileges of the Israelites was freely granted to heathen proselytes, though this spiritual incorporation did not always imply an equal participation of civil rights and privileges ( Leviticus 25:44 , Jeremiah 34:14 ; compare 1 Chronicles 22:2 , 2 Chronicles 2:17 ). Deuteronomy 15:12-19 . At the year of jubilee, such slaves were emancipated even if their six years of service were not completed. Philip Smith. There were always poor among the Jews (cf. Deuteronomy 15 Commentary, this commentary, written by 29 eminent scholars, is one of the most-recognized standards of expository commentaries The Year for Canceling Debts (). of Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project Givers Take All: A Helping Culture Improves Performance. )Commentary Read Deuteronomy 15… Laws regarding the poor. We are to remember that we are debtors to Divine justice, and have nothing to pay with. Deuteronomy 15. Studying the book of Deuteronomy 15; shows a significant summary of the history, time and relevant details according to the bible’s acts based onBenson Joseph - Bible Commentary and reading parallely the bible’s version King James Version. Concerning the release of debts, every seventh year , with a caution that this should be no hindrance to charitable lending . Concerning the release of debts, every seventh year (Deuteronomy 15:1-6), with a caution that this should be no hindrance to charitable lending, Deuteronomy 15:7-11.II. 2 This is how it is to be done: Every creditor shall cancel any loan they have made to a fellow IsraeliteThey shall not require payment from anyone among their own people, because the Lord ’s time for canceling debts has been proclaimed. Commentary for Deuteronomy 15 . Proud member (12-18) Respecting the firstlings of cattle. Deuteronomy: God’s Law of Love. Love and Obey the *LORD your God. Deuteronomy 15:6. if only you listen obediently to the voice of the Lord your God, to observe carefully all this commandment which I am commanding you today. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Deuteronomy. . Deuteronomy 15 Matthew Henry's Commentary. Deuteronomy 15:13 "If your kinsman, a Hebrew man or woman, is sold to you, then he shall serve you six years, but in the seventh year you shall set him … The relief was temporary and peculiar to that year during which there was a total suspension of agricultural labor. Save when there shall be no poor — The words may be rendered thus, as in the margin of our Bibles: To the end that there be no poor among you. There is an addition, requiring the masters to put some small stock into their servants' hands to set up with for themselves, when sent out of their servitude, wherein they had received no wages. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 15:12. 16, 17. if he say unto thee, I will not go away from thee--If they declined to avail themselves of the privilege of release and chose to remain with their master, then by a peculiar form of ceremony they became a party to the transaction, voluntarily sold themselves to their employer, and continued in his service till death. Here is a direction what to do with the firstlings. 3 ISBN: 978-1-892691-31-6 BIBLE LESSONS ... Commentary: Introduction to Deuteronomy. © 2021 Christianity.com. thou shalt do not work with the firstling of thy bullock--that is, the second firstlings (see Deuteronomy 12:17 Deuteronomy 12:18 , 14:23 ). They obtained their freedom either after six years from the time of their sale or before the end of the seventh year. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! We are not now limited as the Israelites were; we make no difference between a first calf, or lamb, and the rest. 4. 15:4 "there will be no poor among you" Verses 4-6 state the ideal situation (symbolized in the requirements of the Sabbath Year and Year of Jubilee). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 1. Deuteronomy 15:4. Outline of Deuteronomy 15 The year of release. STUDY GUIDE COMMENTARY SERIES OLD TESTAMENT, VOL. Deuteronomy 15 – Laws Regarding the Poor A. Deuteronomy 15:1. (1-11) Concerning the release of servants. 1. We may expect family blessings, the springs of family prosperity, when we make conscience of our duty to our family relations. (1-6) Release of debts every seventh year. (12-18) Respecting the firstlings of cattle. That we are slaves, poor, and perishing. Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it--not by an absolute discharge of the debt, but by passing over that year without exacting payment. 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